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Page History: Schema Change Scripts - SQL Server

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Page Revision: Tue, Jul 02, 2013, 3:40 PM


Sequence of Statements

  1. Drop foreign keys being created on existing tables
  2. Drop tables being created
  3. Drop code objects being created
  4. Drop constraints on columns being created
  5. Drop columns being created
  6. Drop/recreate schema
  7. Create/alter tables ("alter" only includes adding columns)
  8. Create primary keys
  9. Create foreign keys
  10. Create check constraints
  11. Populate lookup tables
  12. Drop/recreate indexes
  13. Drop/recreate each code object in dependency order

Statement Syntax

1. Drop foreign keys being created on existing tables

if OBJECT_ID('SchemaName.FK_OnTable_AgainstTable') is not null alter table OnTable drop constraint [FK_OnTable_AgainstTable]

2. Drop tables being created

if object_id('SchemaName.TableName') is not null drop table SchemaName.TableName

3. Drop code objects being created


4. Drop Constraint on Columns Being Created

if exists (select * from sys.objects where name = 'DF_SchemaName_TableName_ColumnName')
    alter table SchemaName.TableName drop constraint DF_SchemaName_TableName_ColumnName

if exists (select * from sys.objects where name = 'CK_SchemaName_TableName_ConstraintName')
    alter table SchemaName.TableName drop constraint DF_SchemaName_TableName_ConstraintName

5. Drop Column

if COL_LENGTH('TableName', 'ColumnName') is not null
    alter table dbo.TableName drop column ColumnName

6. Drop/recreate schema

if exists (select 2 from sys.schemas where name = 'SchemaName') drop schema SchemaName
go    
create schema SchemaName authorization dbo
go

7. Create Tables and Add Columns

create table dbo.TableName (
     ColumnName  int         not null identity(1,1)
    ,ColumnName2 varchar(30) not null
    ,CONSTRAINT [PK_TableName] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
    ( [ColumnName] ASC ) WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, 
      ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]

alter table dbo.TableName ADD
     ColumnName  int        not null identity(1,1)
    ,ColumnName2 date       not null
    ,ColumnName3 varchar(3) null     constraint DF_TableName_ColumnName3 DEFAULT 'XYZ' WITH VALUES

8. Create Primary Keys

This is necessary only if the CREATE TABLE script(s) didn't create them.

ALTER TABLE TableName ADD CONSTRAINT PK_TableName PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED (TableNameID ASC) 
WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, SORT_IN_TEMPDB = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, 
ONLINE = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]

9. Create foreign keys

ALTER TABLE OnSchema.OnTable WITH CHECK ADD CONSTRAINT [FK_OnTable_AgainstTable] 
FOREIGN KEY (OnColumn) REFERENCES AgainstSchema.AgainstTable (AgainstColumn)

10. Create Check Constraints

11. Populate Lookup Tables


12. Drop/recreate Indexes

IF EXISTS(SELECT 2
            FROM sysindexes si
            INNER JOIN sysobjects so
                   ON so.id = si.id
           WHERE si.[Name] = N'IX_TableName_ColumnName'
             AND so.[Name] = N'TableName')
BEGIN
    DROP INDEX [IX_TableName_ColumnName] ON [dbo].[TableName]
END
GO
CREATE INDEX [IX_TableName_ColumnName] ON [dbo].[TableName]
(
    [ColumnName] ASC
) 
GO

Examples

Add a column

Note that there is NO COLUMN after ADD!
ALTER TABLE doc_exa ADD column_b VARCHAR(20) NULL

Add a non-nullable column with default values

ALTER TABLE MyTable ADD AddDate smalldatetime NOT NULL CONSTRAINT AddDateDflt DEFAULT getdate()

Add a nullable column with default values

ALTER TABLE MyTable ADD AddDate smalldatetime NULL CONSTRAINT AddDateDflt DEFAULT getdate() WITH VALUES

Drop a column

ALTER TABLE doc_exb DROP COLUMN column_b

Change a column

ALTER TABLE MyTable ALTER COLUMN NullCOl NVARCHAR(20) NOT NULL

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